July 20, 2017
Boycotts in support of Palestinian human rights are a form of constitutionally protected speech and cannot be singled out for punishment just because Members of Congress may not agree with them.
1) To protect illegal Israeli settlements, HR 1697/S. 720 upends decades of US policy.
Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank are illegal under international law and recognized as such by the U.S. government. Human Rights Watch recently issued a report calling for companies to cease doing business with Israeli settlements in order to comply with international law. This legislation does the opposite by seeking to amend the Export Administration Act of 1979 to prohibit U.S. companies from complying with calls by the U.N. to boycott illegal Israeli settlements. H.R. 1697/S. 720 would provide legal support to illegal settlements and upend decades of established U.S. policy.
2) The bill violates the First Amendment of the US Constitution.
The U.S. has a long, rich history of boycotts being used as a tactic to advance social justice and equal rights. In fact, in 1982, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co. that political boycotts are protected by the First Amendment. This means that boycotts in support of Palestinian human rights are a form of constitutionally protected speech and cannot be singled out for punishment just because members of Congress may not agree with them.
3) The bill goes against public opinion.
H.R. 1697/S. 720 would violate the First Amendment by imposing civil and criminal penalties – including potential jail time – on companies that comply with a call from an international body like the U.N. or EU to boycott illegal Israeli settlements. At a time when the President of the United States has declared that he is in “a running war with the media,” and attacks those who criticize him or his policies, Congress must be vigilant in upholding the First Amendment. According to a recent poll released by the Brookings Institution, 60% of Democrats and 46% of all Americans support sanctions or stronger action against Israel because of settlement construction.
This is mirrored in the Jewish community where a recent poll found that 49% of American Jews under the age of 30 support boycott of the settlements. International bodies, human rights organizations, and increasingly public opinion recognize that the United States must put pressure on Israel in order to create a just peace with equality, human rights, and dignity for both Palestinians and Israelis.
H.R. 1697/S. 720 does the opposite by seeking to amend U.S. policy in favor of permanent occupation. We call on you to reject H.R. 1697/S. 720 which, to protect illegal Israeli settlements, reverses decades of US policy,which violates the First Amendment, and which defies public opinion.