By W. T. Whitney, Jr.

March 1, 2018

The Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV) held its 14th Nation Conference February 17-18 in Caracas. One task of the conference was to select the Party’s candidate for the Venezuelan presidency. Elections are set for April 22, 2018The PCV announced its backing of President Nicolas Maduro for re-election.

The Party based its decision on a “unity agreement between the PSUV (United Socialist Party of Venezuela) and PCV,” which hadn’t yet been signed by both parties. The PCV defined the agreement’s overall purpose as enabling collaboration in “confronting Venezuela’s crisis of a capitalism that is dependent and grasping.” A Party statement promised “political and socio-economic actions that are anti-imperialist, patriotic, and responsive to the people.”

The Party resolved also that in case the “unity agreement of the PSUV and PCV was not achieved, there would be a new session of the 14th National Conference” to decide on an alternative presidential candidate.

The PCV did stage another session of the Party Conference on February 26. President Maduro attended, declaring that, “I accept the nomination of the Red Rooster (symbol of the PCV).” The Party’s flag was delivered into his hands.

Agreement is signed

The second order of business that day was the signing of the agreement between the two political parties. Jorge Rodríguez and Aristóbulo Istúriz signed for the PSUV and members of the PCV Political Bureau signed for their party. President Maduro also signed.


Maduro observed that, “Together we have worked out a document together that sets out a good part of the map for moving into the years ahead – with agreements and disagreements, criticism and self-criticism. But above all, it puts together proposals for how we are going to advance.”


The report on the Correo del Orinoco website pointed out that, “It was the first time in the history of the Bolivarian revolution that an agreed-upon and signed document has been fashioned as a commitment for ‘moving beyond the present era and building the future.’”


For PCV Secretary-General Oscar Figuero, the agreement signified “a ‘qualitative leap’ in political relations in these times of interventionist threats.”


Figuero added that, “We are disposed to put our own skin, life, and our very existence into play as we defend the interests of the working class, working people, and the Venezuelan nation. The homeland will not be sold out but will be defended. … We are taking a decision to reorganize our people, to unify them in defense of the homeland and of our sovereignty.”


Figuero told President Maduro that the “solution to the crisis of the Venezuela’s capitalist profit-taking model is nationalization of the financial and banking sector so that not one more dollar is handed over to the capitalists – and nationalization too of commercial and industrial sectors acting as monopolies with in the economy.”


Highlights of the Agreement

The various provisions of the agreement appear below in a translation covering the main points, which are:

  1. “The United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) and the Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV), heirs of the legacy of Simon Bolivar and the Venezuelan people in their aspirations for independence, sovereign development, and Latin American integration, subscribe to this PROGRAMATIC UNITY AGREEMENT. Their shared commitment is to implement all parts of it. They do so understanding that the growing, immoral, illegal and criminal interventionist aggressiveness of U.S. imperialism and its European allies against Venezuela threatens the perspective of national liberation energized by the people’s victory in the presidential elections of 1998 led by Commander and President Hugo Chavez. Their aggression poses danger to our national sovereignty and territorial integrity.”
  2. “The PSUV and the PCV before the world denounce imperialism that insists on creating an artificial construct against our country through multilateral entities in order to justify international intervention. It does so through the U.S. government and with the groveling complicity of Latin American governments and of Venezuela’s extreme right. ….”
  3. “We of the PSUV and PCV make it known that the crisis of Venezuela’s dependent and plundering capitalism has led to grave consequences affecting the quality of life of our people, especially their ability to buy things and supply themselves with goods and services. We see actions and measures taken by imperialism and its national agents as aggravating this situation. They potentiate public and private corruption, bureaucracy, and capital flight…”
  4. “We of the PSUV and PCV assume that the solution to the current capitalist crisis must not favor the bourgeoisie and the trans-nationals but, instead, must favor the interests of the people. We are searching a new productive model, one based not on profit, but instead on sovereign development with participation by workers, small farmers, people’s organizations, and communes. These make up a broad anti-imperialist front that will advance organically in the building of a collective, unified leadership of political, social, patriotic and revolutionary organizations. They will proceed with analysis, construction, and coordination of political actions and of governmental operations.”
  5. The magnitude and seriousness of the existing situation and the sharpening of class struggle at the national and International levels calls for prompt, strengthened action along economic, political and social lines.In the process, we’ll have to prioritize urgent measures attending to people’s food and health care needs. We will consolidate these beginning with the victory of patriotic forces in the next presidential elections.”

The agreement turns next to the “Rights of the Working Class and Working People.”

  1. “We of the PSUV and PCV emphasize the importance of strengthening class-based unionism and the varied expressions of the revolutionary workers’ movement, particularly workers’ production councils and workers’ socialist councils ….”
  2. “Taking into account the sharpening of the capitalist crisis affecting broad sectors of the working class, we stress the importance of strengthening and protecting labor rights, employment, and also broadening the politics of new employees.”

8) “Inside the government and also socio-political spaces, and depending on the scope and characteristics of each organization, the PSUV and PCV will work jointly to identify and channel the restitution of rights that workers are lacking, both in established cases and in cases yet to show up in public and private work places.”

  1. The two parties will take “necessary corrective action in response to denunciations of the activities of certain political office holders.”
  2. They will “decisively move toward restoring the chain of production of nationalized companies, which must be re-strengthened. The same goes with the phenomena of dismantling and deterioration which can lead to paralysis harmful to the development of national production….”
  3. “The experience of worker control will be re-evaluated for the sake of establishing a new model of leadership and management of state companies …”
  4. The agreement calls for “….expedited protection of social and economic rights, particularly those of wage-earners, retirees, and small businesses using banking services. “
  5. “We consider it urgent to adopt or deepen measures directed at taking down the power of private monopolies… with exemplary punishment of speculators, Mafiosi, and corrupt operators…”
  6. The parties recognize the “status of formal employment as deserving of rights and of recognition as an activity lending dignity to human beings.” They call for increasing and restoring salaries.

The agreement included additional “Measures for which there needs to be in-depth analysis,” among them:

  1. “The two parties will meet periodically to analyze strategic proposals made by the PCV contributing to favorable development of plans and policies of both state and government and proceeding from ideas that may benefit the people and the cause of national liberation.” The proposals cover “banking and financial policies, foreign trade, taxes and public finance.”
  2. Under the heading of “Strengthening political and organizing action” are these considerations: A. The two parties will hold meetings every month to maintain follow-up of regional and municipal initiatives; B. International relations will be strengthened, particularly efforts promoting solidarity with Venezuela and the Bolivarian process; C. Support is guaranteed for manufacturing and agricultural projects, especially ones involving peasant and communal movements; D. The labor movement will be strengthened; E. The parties will enhance media capabilities serving the two parties and the workers’ and people’s movements; F. They promise to build their alliance through strengthened electoral work at the national, regional and municipals levels.
  3. “The PCV … will promote the candidacy of compatriot Nicolás Maduro Moros … for which we will work together toward achieving an overwhelming victory onApril 22, 2018, and without detracting from the autonomy of either organization.”
  4. “We commit both of our organizations to work at dissemination of this PSUV – PCV Programmatic Unity Agreement


Full text in English and Spanish

Unitary Accord between the PSUV and PCV to address the crisis of dependent and rentier capitalism of Venezuela with popular, patriotic and anti-imperialist political and socioeconomic actions:


  1. We, the United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) and the Communist Party of Venezuela (PCV), as heirs to the legacy of Simón Bolívar and the struggles of the Venezuelan people in their aspirations for independence, sovereign development, and Latin American integration, subscribe to the present unitary accord.


Said accord contains the common commitment to implement it in all of its parts, and represents a clear understanding of the growing, immoral, illegal and criminal interventionist aggression of US imperialism and its European allies against the Venezuelan Bolivarian process. Such aggressions are putting at risk the prospect of national liberation which began with the popular victory of Commander Hugo Chávez in the presidential elections of 1998, and which even includes threats to our national sovereignty and territorial integrity.


  1. We the PSUV and the PCV denounce before the world that imperialism, through the U.S. government and with the subordinate complicity of governments of Latin America and the Venezuelan extreme right, insists on creating an artificial case in multilateral organisms against our country so as to justify international intervention, with the real possibility that the right-wing governments of Colombia, Brazil and Guyana may generate a provocation on our borders.


  1. We the PCV and the PSUV express that the crisis of dependent and rentier capitalism of Venezuela has had, and has, serious consequences for the quality of life of our people, especially in their purchasing power, supply of goods and services; that this situation has been exacerbated by actions and measures of imperialism and its local figureheads, who promote private and public corruption, bureaucracy and the flight of foreign currency in a context of a severe reduction of oil income, all of which are phenomenon against which the national government must maintain and deepen a frontal fight, such as that undertaken in Psvsa and other State bodies.


  1. We the PSUV and the PCV declare that the way out of the current capitalist crisis should not be in favor of the bourgeoisie and transnational corporations but in favour of the interests of the people, in the search for a new productive post-oil model of sovereign development, and tend towards the protagonist participation of the workers, peasants, community activists, and popular classes, which should form a great anti-imperialist front and move forward in the establishment of an organic expression of collective and unified leadership of the political, social, patriotic and revolutionary organizations so as to enable an analysis of the government’s actions as well as to construct and coordinate policy actions.


  1. The magnitude and gravity of the current situation and the intensification of the class struggle at national and international levels demands an increase in immediate actions to be taken in the economic, social and political fields, including emergency measures needed to prioritize popular demands such as food and health requirements. Such measures would be consolidated with the triumph of the patriotic forces in the next presidential election.


Rights of the working class and the working people


  1. We the PSUV and the PCV underline the importance of strengthening the class based trade union movement and the various expressions of the labour and revolutionary movement, such as the Productive Workers Councils, Socialist Workers Councils, approving the special law established in the Organic Labour Law, and respecting the autonomy [of such organisations. Also, to develop channels of effective communication and timely mechanisms of the other revolutionary worker’s organizations so as to enable workers of public and private sectors to have a leading role in the development of the social process of work.


  1. Taking into account the deepening of the capitalist crisis which affects large sections of the working class, it is important to strengthen and protect labour rights, employment protection and expand the policy of creating new jobs.


  1. We the PSUV and the PCV will work together, each to the extent and scope of our organizations, from the Government and the socio-political spaces we occupy, to identify and channel the restitution of the infringed rights of workers in cases already raised or that may arise in public and private sectors.


  1. [We commit] to review allegations from revolutionary organizations concerning specific public officials and immediately apply the necessary corrective measures.


10 [We adhere to] advance resolutely in suitably interconnecting the productive processes of the nationalized companies with each other, many of which must be restructured and the processes of dismantling and deterioration that could lead to stoppages which would be damaging for the national productive development must be reversed. In addition, [we commit] to protecting and institutionally supporting the rural collectives who have reactivated State-owned farms.


  1. We the PSUV and the PCV will evaluate the experiences of workers control, such as the Guiana Socialist Plan, so as to establish a new model of ownership and multi-faceted management of the State-owned enterprises whose productive processes, management, and distribution are under worker and popular control. We shall do this based on the principals of collective leadership and so as to permanently banish the scourges of corruption, inefficiency and authoritarian and undemocratic methods in management.


12 [It is  necessary] to promote and implement strong actions by the National Superintendence for the Defense of Socio-Economic Rights (Sundde) and the Superintendency of the Institutions of the Banking Sector  (Sudeban), in articulation with the popular organizations, in order to protect the millions of users of the banking system, particularly workers, pensioners and small entrepreneurs.


  1. We consider relevant and urgent the adoption and strengthening of measures aimed at dismantling the power of private monopolies, defining and promoting policies to achieve sovereign and productive national development, punishing corruption, speculation and mobsters, and promoting the deepening of national, sovereign, and productive developmental policies.


14 [We commit to] prioritize formal employment with its respective labour rights as an activity that dignifies the human being, as well as strengthening wages and restoring them to be the majority and main component of the income of the workers.


Measures to analyze in greater depth


  1. We the PSUV and the PCV, in bilateral and regular meetings, will discuss strategic proposals that are being raised by the PCV to collaborate in the development of plans and policies of the State and the Government for the benefit of the people and national liberation, amongst others.


15.1 Themes included are the banking and financial systems, foreign trade, public finances, and the tax system.



Strengthening political and organizational actions


  1. We the PSUV and the PCV will identify areas of common action that we must strengthen both politically and organizationally.


16.1. We the PCV and the PSUV will set a timetable for the holding of bilateral meetings with a frequency of at least once a month between representatives of both national leaderships.


16.2 We the Psuv and the PCV will follow up regional and municipal efforts to develop effective policies and those which attend to needs of the population.


16.3. In the international arena, based on the areas of action and attention of every organization, we will strengthen relations with bodies that have demonstrated consistent solidarity with Venezuela and the revolutionary process.


16.4. In the production area, we will support manufacturing and agro-industrial proposals and projects, with special emphasis guaranteed to all initiatives stemming from the communal and peasant movement.


16.5. We the PSUV and the PCV are committed to the strengthening of the labour and trade union movement, facilitating the articulation of class based and revolutionary currents with the State entities so as to solve problems and disputes as well as respecting the rights of workers.


16.6. All projects related to audio-visual and printed media that are initiatives of both organizations and popular movements and workers will be supported as part of the cooperation in the fight in the media war and against psychological operations.


16.7. Both political organizations will foster relationships between their youth organizations: the Youth of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela and the Communist Youth of Venezuela, through student, cultural, sporting and community-based proposals so as to deepening the rights of youth.


16.8. In order to make progress in the development of policies of alliances Psuv-PCV and the revolutionary popular movement, we will work to ensure a unified formula of an electoral nature that ensures effective presence and strengthening of our organizations in the legislative elections at the national, state and municipal level.


Presidential elections

  1. The PCV, using this Accord and the diverse points in which they coincide with the PSUV in areas of national and international politics as its base, assumes the candidacy of the compatriot Nicolas Maduro Moros. We do so so that he may head a wide coalition of political, social, patriotic, popular, and revolutionary forces which may serve as the seed of a collective and unified leadership of the process. Also, so that he may represent the popular aspirations of the anti-imperialist, unified, Latin American struggle and develop our sovereignty in the interests of the Venezuelan people. As such, we will work together respecting the autonomy of each organization so as to achieve an overwhelming triumph this upcoming April 22nd.


  1. Both organizations commit ourselves to widely reproducing this Program of Unitary Accord PSUV-PCV.


Acuerdo Unitario marco PSUV-PCV: Para enfrentar la Crisis del Capitalismo


1) El Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela (PSUV) y el Partido Comunista de Venezuela (PCV), como herederos del legado de Simón Bolívar y de las luchas del pueblo venezolano en sus anhelos de independencia, desarrollo soberano e integración latinoamericanista, suscribimos el presente ACUERDO PROGRAMÁTICO UNITARIO con el común compromiso de aplicarlo en todas sus partes, entendiendo que la creciente, inmoral, ilegal y criminal agresividad injerencista del imperialismo estadounidense y sus aliados europeos contra el proceso bolivariano venezolano pone en riesgo la perspectiva de liberación nacional que se impulsó a partir de la victoria popular encabezada por el Comandante Presidente Hugo Chávez en las elecciones presidenciales de 1998, e incluso peligra nuestra soberanía nacional e integridad territorial.

2) El PSUV y el PCV denunciamos ante el mundo que el imperialismo, a través del Gobierno estadounidense y con la subordinada complicidad de Gobiernos de América Latina y de la extrema derecha venezolana, insiste en crear un expediente artificial en organismos multilaterales contra nuestro país para pretender justificar una intervención internacional, con la posibilidad real de que los Gobiernos derechistas de Colombia, Brasil o Guyana generen una provocación en las fronteras.

3) El PSUV y el PCV expresamos que la crisis del capitalismo dependiente y rentista de Venezuela ha tenido y tiene graves consecuencias para la calidad de vida de nuestro pueblo, especialmente en su capacidad adquisitiva, de abastecimiento de bienes y servicios; esta situación se ha visto agravada por acciones y medidas del imperialismo y sus agentes nacionales, potenciando la corrupción privada y pública, el burocratismo y la fuga de divisas en un contexto de severa reducción de los ingresos por exportación de petróleo, fenómenos contra los que el Gobierno nacional debe mantener y profundizar la lucha frontal como la emprendida en PDVSA y otros entes del Estado.

4) El PSUV y el PCV asumimos que la salida a la actual crisis capitalista no debe ser en favor de la burguesía y de las transnacionales sino en favor de los intereses del pueblo en la búsqueda de un nuevo modelo productivo post-rentista con desarrollo soberano, tendiendo a la participación protagónica obrera, campesina, comunera y popular que conforme un gran frente antiimperialista y que avance en la constitución de una instancia orgánica de dirección colectiva y unitaria de las organizaciones políticas y sociales patrióticas y revolucionarias para el análisis, la construcción y la coordinación de acciones políticas y de gestión de gobierno.

5) La magnitud y gravedad de la situación planteada y la agudización de la lucha de clases a nivel nacional e internacional, amerita incrementar las acciones inmediatas en el orden económico, social y político, entre las que deben priorizarse medidas urgentes que atiendan requerimientos populares en alimentación y salud, que se consolidarían a partir del triunfo de las fuerzas patrióticas en las próximas elecciones presidenciales.


6) El PSUV y el PCV resaltamos la importancia de fortalecer el sindicalismo clasista y las diversas expresiones del movimiento obrero y revolucionario, como son los consejos productivos de trabajadores, los consejos socialistas de trabajadores y trabajadoras –aprobando la ley especial establecida en la LOTTT– y demás formas organizativas obrero-sindicales revolucionarias, respetando su autonomía, desarrollando canales y mecanismos efectivos y oportunos para que las y los trabajadores de entidades públicas y privadas puedan tener rol protagónico en el desarrollo del proceso social de trabajo.

7) Teniendo en cuenta la agudización de la crisis capitalista, que afecta a amplios sectores de la clase trabajadora, es importante fortalecer y resguardar los derechos laborales, protección del empleo y ampliar la política de nuevos empleos.

8) El PSUV y el PCV trabajaremos mancomunadamente –según los alcances y características de cada organización, desde el Gobierno y los espacios sociopolíticos– para identificar y canalizar la restitución de los derechos infringidos a trabajadores y trabajadoras en casos ya planteados o que pudieran presentarse en entidades de trabajo públicas y privadas.

9) Revisar y aplicar de inmediato los correctivos necesarios ante las denuncias que hacen las organizaciones revolucionarias sobre actuaciones de determinados funcionarios públicos.

10) Avanzar decididamente en el adecuado encadenamiento productivo de las empresas nacionalizadas, las cuales deben repotenciarse y revertir procesos de desmantelamiento y deterioro que pudieran conducir a paralizaciones perjudiciales para el desarrollo productivo nacional; además de proteger y apoyar institucionalmente a los colectivos campesinos que han reactivado fundos de propiedad estatal.

11) El PSUV y el PCV evaluaremos las experiencias de control obrero, como el «Plan Guayana Socialista», para el establecimiento de un nuevo modelo de dirección y gestión múltiple de las empresas estatales, bajo control obrero y popular de los procesos de producción, administración y distribución de bienes y servicios basado en la dirección colectiva, para desterrar definitivamente los flagelos de la corrupción, la ineficiencia y los métodos autoritarios y antidemocráticos en la gestión.

12) Promover e implementar acciones contundentes por parte de la SUNDDE y la SUDEBAN, en articulación con las organizaciones populares, con la finalidad de proteger de manera expedita a los millones de usuarios de los servicios bancarios, particularmente los asalariados, los pensionados y los pequeños empresarios.

13) Consideramos pertinente y urgente la adopción o profundización de las medidas dirigidas a desmontar el poder de los monopolios privados, definiendo e impulsando políticas para alcanzar desarrollo soberano y productivo, castigando ejemplarmente a corruptos, especuladores y mafiosos. Promover la profundización e impulso de políticas para el desarrollo nacional, soberano y productivo.

14) Jerarquizar el trabajo formal y con derechos como actividad que dignifica al ser humano, así como fortalecer el salario y restituirlo como componente principal y mayoritario del ingreso de las y los trabajadores.


15) El PSUV y el PCV, en reuniones bilaterales periódicas, analizaremos propuestas estratégicas que están siendo planteadas por el PCV para coadyuvar el buen desarrollo de los planes y políticas del Estado y el Gobierno en beneficio del pueblo y de la liberación nacional, entre ellas:

15.1) Temas acerca de la banca y el sistema financiero, el comercio exterior, las finanzas públicas y el régimen tributario.


16) El PSUV y el PCV identificamos áreas de accionar común que debemos fortalecer política y organizativamente:

16.1) El PSUV y el PCV sostendrán reuniones bilaterales, estableciendo un cronograma con periodicidad de al menos una vez al mes entre representantes de ambas direcciones nacionales.

16.2) El PSUV y el PCV mantendrán el seguimiento a las gestiones regionales y municipales, para que desarrollen políticas efectivas de atención a las necesidades sentidas de la población.

16.3) En el área internacional, con base en los ámbitos de acción y de atención de cada organización, se fortalecerán las relaciones con instancias que han demostrado consecuente solidaridad con Venezuela y el proceso bolivariano.

16.4) En el área productiva, se garantizará el apoyo a propuestas y proyectos manufactureros y agroindustriales, con especial énfasis a todas aquellas iniciativas del movimiento campesino y comunal.

16.5) El PSUV y el PCV se comprometen al fortalecimiento del movimiento obrero y sindical, facilitando a las corrientes clasistas revolucionarias su articulación con los entes del Estado para la solución de problemas y conflictos laborales, así como el respeto a todos los derechos de las y los trabajadores.

16.6) Se apoyarán todos los proyectos relacionados con medios de comunicación audiovisuales e impresos que sean iniciativa de ambas organizaciones y de los movimientos populares y de trabajadores, y colaboren con el combate contra la guerra mediática y las operaciones psicológicas.

16.7) Las organizaciones políticas propiciarán el relacionamiento de sus organizaciones juveniles, Juventud del Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela (J-PSUV) y la Juventud Comunista de Venezuela (JCV), mediante el impulso de propuestas estudiantiles, culturales, deportivas y comunitarias, para la profundización de los derechos de la juventud.

16.8) Con el objetivo de avanzar en el desarrollo de la política de alianzas PSUV-PCV y del movimiento popular revolucionario, trabajaremos por garantizar una fórmula unitaria de carácter electoral que garantice efectiva presencia y fortalecimiento de nuestras organizaciones en las elecciones legislativas a nivel nacional, estadal y municipal.


17) El PCV, sobre la base del presente acuerdo y de los diversos puntos de coincidencia con el PSUV sobre aspectos de política nacional e internacional, asume la candidatura del compatriota Nicolás Maduro Moros, para que, al frente de una amplia coalición de fuerzas políticas y sociales, patrióticas, populares y revolucionarias –

como germen de la dirección colectiva y unitaria del proceso–, represente las aspiraciones populares de lucha antiimperialista, unidad latinoamericana y desarrollo soberano en interés del pueblo venezolano; por lo que trabajaremos conjuntamente, sin menoscabo de la autonomía de cada organización, por lograr un contundente triunfo el próximo 22 de abril de 2018.

18) Ambas organizaciones nos comprometemos a darle difusión al presente «Acuerdo programático unitario PSUV-PCV».