The second issue of the International Communist Review is published in a particularly crucial period of a deep capitalist economic crisis.
It is published in a period when the bourgeois attack on peopleÂs rights escalates, the competition between monopolies and the inter-imperialist contradictions intensify. Under these conditions the discussion about socialism published in the following pages becomes particularly significant.
The historical era of transition from capitalism to socialism which was signaled by the great October Revolution in 1917 has not come to an end with the temporary defeat in the USSR and the other former socialist states in Europe. The October Socialist Revolution realised by the working class of Russia, under the guidance of the Bolshevik party, which was headed by Lenin, has been the greatest event in the 20th century and marked its beginning.
Capitalism in its imperialist stage, despite the immense wealth it accumulates in the hands of a small minority, cannot solve even a single problem of humanity. The necessity of socialism emerges from the very irreconcilable contradictions of the capitalist system, as a product of social development.
This revolutionary transition, which is necessary for the abolition of capitalist exploitation, cannot be accomplished through a series of reforms but though the revolutionary overthrow of capitalÂs power and the conquest of power by the working class in alliance with other popular strata; through the socialization of the concentrated means of production which are in the hands of monopolies. That is to say with the abolition of the private ownership of the concentrated means of production, the extension of socialist relations of production and of central planning in all the sectors of the economy begins, in this way the boundaries which capitalism imposed on the forces of production are successfully overcome.
Thus, the ground is prepared for a social development which meets the interests of the workers, who are the majority in society and for the scientific-technical achievements to serve the majority of the people. The construction of the new society will be based on the mobilization of the masses through the organs of the peopleÂs state power and their various organizations. The vanguard action of the Communist Party will contribute to this direction. This historical process will pave the way for the full abolition of classes through the final elimination of the exploitation of man by man, the elimination of every form of social inequality and contradiction in the advanced communist society.
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